Manners training is an important aspect of dog ownership. All dogs should be trained to some standard, know important commands, and respond appropriately to common scenarios. Classical conditioning, operant conditioning, and extinction are principles to that are the foundation to any dog manners training method.
Classical conditioning is when a dog learns that a specific signal relates to an event. Operant conditioning teaches the dog thaere is a consequence with a behavior. Extinction is the process of getting rid of an unwanted beahior. In other words, a behavior that was being reinforced will go away. Following these principles are best when used in concert with known dog training methods.
Popular and proven training methods to use in conjunction with the manners training principles are luring, capturing, shaping, and targeting. Luring makes your dog follow you and allows you to position and move your dog around without pushing or using a leash. Capturing, considered one of the best methods you can use, requires a dog to analyze the situation and to use the behaviors given through positive reinforcement.
Shaping is one of the most advanced dog training techniques. Although it is a very powerful dog training technique, the trainer needs to be patient, have a great sense of timing, and be extremely observant. Shaping is considered a positive training technique as you will never use discomfort or force. A complimentary method to shaping is called targeting.
Targeting is a way to speed up the behaviors learned while doing the shaping training method. If you start by training your dog to touch a target, the shaping method, you can use the target to make your dog touch things, move by following that target, then eventually removing the target. Targeting is the most common way of using sight prompts to train behavior.
Using these principles with specific methods of training are effective ways to have a well-mannered obedient dog.